# How to Count in Latin

Latin is a language not spoken by any modern nation. Such a language normally is called a dead (extinct) or ancient language. Surprisingly, Latin is a modern language learned by millions of people for different reasons and also is used within scientific world of all nations. Latin numbers have their own significance.

## Contents

## Steps

Latin numerals have cardinal, ordinal, distributive, and numeral-adverbial forms.

### Learn Cardinals

#### Learn From One to Nine

- Learn counting cardinals from one to nine in Latin
- One:
**Un**us - Two:
**Duo** - Three:
**Tre**s - Four:
**Quattuor** - Five:
**Quin**que - Six:
**Se**x - Seven:
**Sept**em - Eight:
**Octo** - Nine:
**No**vem

- One:

#### Learn From Eleven to Nineteen

- Learn from eleven to nineteen :
- Eleven:
**Un**decim - Twelve:
**Duo**decim - Thirteen:
**Tre**decim - Fourteen:
**Quattuor**decim - Fifteen:
**Quin**decim - Sixteen:
**Se**decim - Seventeen:
**Sept**endecim - Eighteen: Duodeviginity (actually, two to twenty)
- Nineteen: Undeviginity (actually, one to twenty)

- Eleven:

#### Learn Multiples of Ten

- Now it is time to learn multiples of ten :
- Ten: Decem
- Twenty: Viginity
- Thirty: Triginta
- Forty: Quadraginta
- Fifty:
**Quinqua**ginta - Sixty:
**Sex**aginta - Seventy:
**Sept**uaginta - Eighty:
**Octo**ginta - Ninety:
**No**naginta

#### Learn Multiples of Hundred and Thousand

- Learn multiples of hundred :
- Hundred: Centum
- Two-hundred: Ducenti
- Three-hundred: Trecenti
- Four-hundred: Quadringenti
- Five-hundred: Quingenti
- Six-hundred: Sescenti
- Seven-hundred: Septingenti
- Eight-hundred: Octingenti
- Nine-hundred: Nongenti
- And at last,
- Thousand: Mille
- Two-thousand: Duo milia
- Three-thousand: Tre milia
- hundred-thousand: Centum milia
- And a million: Deciec centena milia (actually ten-hundred-thousand)

#### Learn Smaller number Between These Numbers

- Once you know the larger numbers, knowing small numbers is easy in Latin.
- In Latin , in contrast to English, they say seven and forty not forty-seven. Hence,
- Forty-seven: Septem et quadraginta
- Fifty-six: Sex et quinquaginta
- Eighty-five: Quinque et octoginta

- This goes until we get to one-hundred where order of words becomes like English. Thus,
- Hundred and forty-seven: Centum quadraginta septem
- Three-hundred and fifty-six: Trecenti quinquaginta sex
- Seven-hundred and eighty-five: Septingenti octoginta quinque

### Learn Adverbials

- Adverbials (the numeral adverbs) define the answer to "how many times?"
- Note that, some how like English you might interpret Latin "ies" as "times."

#### Learn From One to Nine

- Learn numeral adverbs from one to nine in Latin.
- Once: Semel
- Twice: Bis
- Thrice: Ter
- Four times: Quater
- Five times: Quinquies
- Six times: Sexies
- Seven times: Septies
- Eight times: Octies
- Nine times: Novies

#### Learn From Eleven to Nineteen

- Learn adverbials from eleven to nineteen :
- Eleven times: Undecies
- Twelve times: Duodecies
- Thirteen times: Ter decies (written separate)
- Fourteen times: Quater decies (written separate)
- Fifteen times: Quinquies decies (written separate)
- Sixteen times: Sexies decies (written separate)
- Seventeen times: Septies decies (written separate)
- Eighteen times: Duodevicies
- Nineteen times: Undecies

#### Learn Multiples of Ten

- Now learn numeral adverbs multiples of ten :
- Ten times: Decies
- Twenty times: Vicies
- Thirty times: Tricies
- Forty times: Quadragies
- Fifty times: Quinquagies
- Sixty times: Sexagies
- Seventy times: Septuagies
- Eighty times: Octogies
- Ninety times: Nonagies

#### Learn Multiples of Hundred and Thousand

- Learn multiples of hundred for adverbials:
- Hundred times: Centies
- Two-hundred times: Ducenties
- Three-hundred times: Trecenties
- Four-hundred times: Quadringenties
- Five-hundred times: Quingenties
- Six-hundred times: Sexcenties
- Seven-hundred times: Septingenties
- Eight-hundred times: Octingenties
- Nine-hundred times: Nongenties

- And at last,
- Thousand times: Milies
- Two-thousand times: Bis milies
- Three-thousand times: Ter milies
- hundre-thousand times: Centies milies
- And a million times: Decies centies milies

#### Learn Smaller number Between These Numbers

- To build numeral adverb change each cardinal to its adverbial form. Hence,
- Forty-seven times: Septies et quadragies
- Fifty-six times: Sexies et quinquagies
- Eighty-five times: Quinqies et octogies
- Hundred and forty-seven times: Centies quadragies septies
- Three-hundred and fifty-six times: Trecenties quinquagies sexies
- Seven-hundred and eighty-five times: Septingenties octogies quinquies

### Learn Ordinals

Ordinals define the answer to "which in a row?"

#### Learn From One to Nine

- Learn ordinals from one to nine in Latin.
- First: Primus
- Second: Secundus
- Third: Tertius
- Fourth: Quartus
- Fifth: Quintus
- Sixth: Sextus
- Seventh: Septimus
- Eighth: Octavus
- Nineth: Nonus

#### Learn From Eleven to Nineteen

- Learn ordinals from eleven to nineteen :
- Eleventh: Undecimus
- Twelfth: Duodecimus
- Thirteenth: Tertius decimus (written separate)
- Fourteenth: Quartus decimus (written separate)
- Fifteenth: Quintus decimus (written separate)
- Sixteenth: Sextus decimus (written separate)
- Seventeenth: Septimus decimus (written separate)
- Eighteenth: Duodevicesimus
- Nineteenth: Undevicesimus

#### Learn Multiples of Ten

- Now learn ordinals multiples of ten :
- Tenth: Decimus
- Twentieth: Vic
**esimus** - Thirtieth: Tric
**esimus** - Fortieth: Quadrag
**esimus** - Fiftieth: Quinquag
**esimus** - Sixtieth: Sexag
**esimus** - Seventieth: Septuag
**esimus** - Eightieth: Octog
**esimus** - Ninetieth: Nonag
**esimus**

#### Learn Multiples of Hundred and Thousand

- Learn multiples of hundred for ordinals:
- Hundredth: Cent
**esimus** - Two-hundredth: Ducent
**esimus** - Three-hundredth: Trecent
**esimus** - Four-hundredth: Quadringent
**esimus** - Five-hundredth: Quingente
**simus** - Six-hundredth: Sexcent
**esimus** - Seven-hundredth: Septingent
**esimus** - Eight-hundredth: Octingent
**esimus** - Nine-hundredth: Nongent
**esimus**

- Hundredth: Cent
- And at last,
- Thousandth: Mill
**esimus** - Two-thousandth: Bis mill
**esimus**(twice thousandth) - Three-thousandth: Ter mill
**esimus**(thrice thousandth) - hundred-thousandth: Centies mill
**esimus**(hundred-times thousandth) - And a million times: Decies centies mill
**esimus**(ten-times hundred-times thousandth)

- Thousandth: Mill

#### Learn Smaller number Between These Numbers

- To build ordinals change each cardinal to its ordinal form. Hence,
- Forty-seventh: Septimus et quadragesimus
- Fifty-sixth: Sextus et quinquagesimus
- Eighty-fifth: Quintus et octogesimus
- Hundred and forty-seventh: Centesimus quadragesimus septimus
- Three-hundred and fifty-sixth: Trecentesimus quinquagesimus sextus
- Seven-hundred and eighty-fifth: Septingentesimus octogesimus quintus

### Learn Distributives

Distributives show "so many apiece." For example **five coins for each** worker.

#### Learn From One to Nine

- Learn distributives from one to nine in Latin
- One for each: Singuli
- Two for each: Bini
- Three for each: Terni
- Four for each: Quaterni
- Five for each: Quini
- Six for each: Seni
- Seven for each: Septeni
- Eight for each: Octoni
- Nine for each: Noveni

#### Learn From Eleven to Nineteen

- Learn from eleven to nineteen :
- Eleven for each: Undeni
- Twelve for each: Duodeni
- Thirteen for each: Terni deni
- Fourteen for each: Quaterni deni
- Fifteen for each: Quini deni
- Sixteen for each: Seni deni
- Seventeen for each: Septeni deni
- Eighteen for each: Dudeviceni
- Nineteen for each: undeviceni

#### Learn Multiples of Ten

- Now it is time to learn multiples of ten :
- Ten for each: Deni
- Twenty for each: Viceni
- Thirty for each: Triceni
- Forty for each: Quadrageni
- Fifty for each: Quinquageni
- Sixty for each: Sexageni
- Seventy for each: Septuageni
- Eighty for each: Octogeni
- Ninety for each: Nonageni

#### Learn Multiples of Hundred and Thousand

- Learn multiples of hundred :
- Hundred for each: Centeni
- Two-hundred for each: Duceni
- Three-hundred for each: Treceni
- Four-hundred for each: Quadringeni
- Five-hundred for each: Quingeni
- Six-hundred for each: Sesceni
- Seven-hundred for each: Septingeni
- Eight-hundred for each: Octingeni
- Nine-hundred for each: Nongeni
- And at last,
- Thousand for each: Singula milia
- Two-thousand for each: Bina milia
- Three-thousand for each: Trena milia
- hundred-thousand for each: Centena milia
- And a million for each: Decies centena milia (actually ten-times of hundred-thousand for each).

#### Learn Smaller number Between These Numbers

- Once you know the larger numbers, knowing small numbers is easy in Latin.
- In Latin , in contrast to English, they say seven and forty not forty-seven. Hence,
- Forty-seven for each: Septeni et quadrageni
- Fifty-six for each: Seni et quinquageni
- Eighty-five for each: Quini et octogeni

- This goes until we get to one-hundred where order of words becomes like English. Thus,
- Hundred and forty-seven for each: Centeni septeni et quadrageni
- Three-hundred and fifty-six for each: Centeni seni et quinquageni
- Seven-hundred and eighty-five for each: Centeni quini et octogeni